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BEHIND THE SCENES: Robinson Huron $10B settlement a 'game-changing amount' reporter Jenny Lamothe takes us behind the scenes

A historic proposed settlement of $10 billion between Canada, Ontario, and the Indigenous beneficiaries of the Robinson Huron Treaty has been announced. Crown-Indigenous Affairs Minister Marc Miller describes it as a game-changer for the communities involved. The settlement is aimed at compensating for past revenue losses related to the treaty, which was signed in 1850 and promised annual payments to Indigenous beneficiaries in exchange for land use rights. The rates of these payments have not changed since 1874, despite significant revenue generated from land resources. The settlement is seen as a long-overdue recognition of the Crown's failure to fulfill its treaty promises.

The proposed settlement is viewed with mixed feelings by the Indigenous communities. Atikameksheng Anishnawbek Gimaa Craig Nootchtai, chief of one of the 21 Robinson Huron First Nations, expresses excitement but believes that the amount does not fully reflect the true value. He sees it as a positive step to help the communities move forward, but also emphasizes the importance of distributing the funds wisely for the benefit of current and future generations. The settlement puts a hold on litigation for now, and although the matter of future resource payments still needs to be resolved, there is a commitment to engage in further negotiations.

While Nootchtai acknowledges the positive aspects of the settlement, he also highlights the complexity of the situation and the mixed emotions within the community. Some community members celebrate the settlement as a great day, while others maintain a level of skepticism towards the Crown's trustworthiness. Nootchtai recognizes the significance of the journey and personal growth that has come with the treaty negotiations, and he hopes to use the funds to honor their ancestors' hard work and benefit the children of the community. The exact calculation for future payments will take years to determine, but the settlement is seen as a positive start.

Video Summary:

In a historic announcement, a proposed settlement has been reached between the federal and provincial governments and the 21 First Nations of the Robinson Huron Treaty. The settlement, which is pending government approval, aims to address the claim that has been ongoing since 2014. It involves a $10 billion allocation, with a 50-50 split between the federal and provincial governments, to compensate for past costs incurred by the First Nations under the treaty. The Robinson Huron Treaty dates back to 1850 and was intended to ensure resource-sharing in the area.

The annuities case, which began in 2014, was brought forth by the 21 First Nation signatories of the Robinson Huron Treaty. The case sought increased financial compensation for the resources taken from their lands since the signing of the treaty. After an initial decision in favor of the First Nations, the Ontario government appealed, leading to negotiations that remained confidential until the proposed settlement was announced. The settlement still needs to be approved at government levels, and the timeline for implementation and future annuity negotiations remains unclear.

The $10 billion settlement is intended to address the resources taken from the land between 1850 and 2023. It also signifies a commitment to reevaluating the annuity payments going forward. Under the treaty, each person was initially receiving $1.50, which was increased to $4.00 in 1874. The proposed settlement marks a significant step in rectifying the past and establishing a new framework for future relationships between the government and the First Nations involved in the Robinson Huron Treaty.